Breast cancer

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Fempro (Letrozole 2.5mg Tablets) (PVJ1633)
Fempro (Letrozole 2.5mg Tablets) is used to treat breast cancer in women who are post-menopausal - that is, women who no longer have periods, either naturally due to their age or after surgery or chemotherapy. Fempro (Letrozole 2.5mg Tablets) is available in tablets containing 2.5 mg of the active ingredient, letrozole. Letrozole belongs to a family of medicines called aromatase inhibitors. They are also called "antioestrogens" because they act by reducing the production of oestrogen in your body. Oestrogen stimulates the growth of certain types of breast cancer. These cancers are called "oestrogen-dependent." Reducing the production of oestrogen may help to keep the cancer from growing. This may be the first time you are taking an "antioestrogen" such as Fempro (Letrozole 2.5mg Tablets) or you may have taken another "antioestrogen" such as tamoxifen in the past.
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Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet) (PVJ128520)
Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet) is a cancer medicine that interferes with the growth of cancer cells and slows their spread in the body. Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet) is used to treat colon cancer, and breast or colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Common side effects of Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet) include severe nausea or vomiting, stomach pain or upset, loss of appetite, constipation, tiredness, weakness, back/joint/muscle pain, headache, dizziness, trouble sleeping, skin darkening, skin rash, dry/itchy skin, or numbness or tingling in your hands or feet. Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet). Drug Type: Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet) is an anti-cancer ("antineoplastic" or "cytotoxic") chemotherapy drug. Xeloda (Capecitabine 500mg Tablet) is classified as an "antimetabolite."
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Capegard (Capecitabine 500mg Tablets) (PVJ332145)

Capegard (Capecitabine 500mg Tablets)

Capegard (Capecitabine) is a cancer drug which is indicated for colorectal cancer and metastatic breast cancer. Its mechanism of action involves working within the cancer cells to affect their growth. This chemotherapy drug is used for adjuvant treatment for patients affected by Dukes` C colon cancer and as a first line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. When used for breast cancer, it may either be used together with other medicines (such as docetaxel) or on its own.

This medicine is classified as an antimetabolite, and it is a prodrug. This means that it is converted into 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by enzymes in the body. Following this, healthy and tumor cells further convert it into other metabolites (FdUMP and FUTP) that interfere with the process in which DNA, RNA and protein are synthesized. Without DNA, the division and growth of cancerous cells is affected and they are unable to grow properly. This results in their eventual death, allowing for the size of the tumor to be reduced and the growth of the cancer cells stopped.

In addition to attacking cancer cells, this medicine may also affect healthy cells. This could result to side effects. However, due to the fact that the conversion of the prodrug into its active form (5-HU) usually only occurs in the cancerous cells, the risk of side effects is less when compared to other cancer medicines. A significant amount of medical research has been conducted which focused on this medicine`s effects if used for other conditions. These studies examined its effects if used for gastric, pancreatic or esophageal cancer.

 

How is Capegard (Capecitabine 500mg Tablets) used?

Capegard-500 is usually taken twice daily, in the morning and evening or as directed by a doctor. The tablets should be taken within 30 minutes of a meal along with a full glass of water. The usual cycle of using the drug is every day for 2 weeks, then stopped for 1 week. The tablets should be swallowed whole and not split, chewed or crushed. Contact a doctor for the amount of times needed to repeat the cycle as it will depend on the patient's condition and their response to the therapy.

 

Side effects

Treatment with the chemotherapy agent Capegard (Capecitabine) can cause side effects. Ensure that you report all reactions to your physician. Possible reactions include:

  • Pruritis
  • Hair loss
  • Low appetite
  • Irritated eyes
  • Altered taste sensation

Certain adverse events are serious and you will need immediate treatment if they occur. Consult your physician straight away if you suffer from diarrhea, nausea, inflammation of the feet and hands, pain and sores on the mouth, symptoms of an infection or any other severe reactions that have not been referenced in this paragraph.

 

Dosage  

Capegard (Capecitabine) 500mg tablets are taken by mouth. The dosage needed will be decided upon by the physician in charge of medical care and the patient will need close medical supervision throughout the entire duration of treatment. These tablets need to be swallowed whole alongside a full glass of water within 30 minutes of consuming a meal.

If used for monotherapy, it is possible that treatment will consist of twice daily dosing for a period of 2 weeks, after which a 1 week break will be advised. This 3 week cycle may need to be repeated as necessary in accordance with the instructions of your physician. Patients with renal impairment may need a lower dosage, and it is also important to note that the exact dosage needed may be individualized by the physician based on other factors.

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Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) (PVJ1452809)

What is Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets)?

Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) is used to either treat breast cancer or reduce the risk of breast cancer occurring if you are at increased risk of breast cancer. If you and your healthcare professional are considering using Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) for reducing the risk of breast cancer occurring, your knowledge of treatment risks becomes more important because you don't currently have breast cancer. Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) therapy may be uncommonly associated with serious side effects such as deep vein thrombosis (dvt - blood clots in veins of your leg), pulmonary embolus (blood clots in your lungs) and uterine cancer. In some women, these events were fatal. Less serious side effects such as hot flushes, vaginal discharge, menstrual irregularities and gynaecological conditions may also occur. Whether the benefits of treatment outweigh the risks depends on your age, health history, your level of breast cancer risk and on your personal judgement. Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) therapy to reduce the risk of breast cancer may not be appropriate for all women at increased risk for breast cancer. An assessment with your healthcare professional of the potential benefits and risks prior to starting therapy for reduction in breast cancer risk is essential. You should understand that Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of breast cancer.

 

How to use Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets):

Use Nolvadex Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) refilled.
  • Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) may be taken by mouth with or without food.
  • Take Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) with water or another nonalcoholic liquid.
  • Swallow this medication whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
  • Continue to take Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets) even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. Taking Nolvadex at the same time each day will help you to remember to take it.
  • If you miss a dose of Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets), take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate 20mg Tablets).

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Cytotam (Tamoxifen Citrate 10mg Tablets) (PRF00268)
Cytotam (Tamoxifen Citrate) is usually prescribed as a single daily dose and this should be taken at the same time each day - the actual time does not matter. Some women prefer to take it with food as it may cause feelings of sickness and leave a metallic taste in your mouth. Cytotam (Tamoxifen Citrate) is a drug in pill form, taken orally, that interferes with the activity of estrogen (a female hormone). Cytotam (Tamoxifen Citrate) has been used to treat both advanced and early stage breast cancer. It has been used for nearly 20 years to treat patients with advanced breast cancer. More recently, it also is being used as adjuvant, or additional, therapy following primary treatment for early stage breast cancer.
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Arimidex 1mg (Anastrozole 1mg Tablets) (529071)
Arimidex (Anastrozole 1mg Tablets) is an aromatase inhibitor approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat: postmenopausal women diagnosed with hormone-receptor-positive, early-stage breast cancer after surgery (or possibly chemotherapy and radiation) to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back. Anastrozole tablets are used to treat breast cancer in women who have gone through the menopause. Anastrozole tablets work by cutting down the amount of the hormone called estrogen that your body makes. It does this by blocking a natural substance (an enzyme) in your body called 'aromatase'.

side effects of Arimidex (Anastrozole 1mg Tablets) include
constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, loss of appetite, body aches and pains (back pain, bone pain, joint pain or stiffness), breast swelling/tenderness/pain, headache, dry mouth, scratchy or sore throat, increased cough, dizziness, trouble sleeping.

Generic Arimidex - Dosage

The recommended dosage of Generic Arimidex tablets is One 1 mg tablet taken once daily.

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Capnat (Capecitabine 500mg Tablets) (PVJ9223355)

What is Capnat (Capecitabine 500mg Tablets)?

Capecitabine is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth of cancer cells and slows their spread in the body. Capecitabine is used to treat breast cancer and colon or rectum cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Capecitabine may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

 

How does this drug work?

Capecitabine belongs to a group of chemotherapy drugs known as anti-metabolites. It keeps cells from making DNA and RNA, which stops cancer cells from growing. Capecitabine is converted to the drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in your body, letting more of the active drug get to the tumor.

 

Side Effects

You will probably not have most of the following side effects, but if you have any talk to your doctor or nurse. They can help you understand the side effects and cope with them.

Common

  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • sores in mouth or on lips
  • tiredness or weakness
  • numbness, tingling, itching of hands or/and feet
  • skin redness, rash, dryness
  • low red blood cell count (anemia) with increased risk of tiredness (fatigue)
  • skin irritation

Less common

  • low white blood cell count with increased risk of infection
  • low platelet count with increased risk of bleeding
  • pain in the belly, back, or joints
  • constipation
  • poor appetite
  • heartburn after eating
  • fever
  • feelings of pins and needles in hands and/or feet
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • trouble sleeping
  • cough or trouble breathing
  • eye irritation
  • skin color changes
  • hair loss or thinning (including face and body hair)
  • bleeding from the bowel

abnormal blood tests which suggest that the drug is affecting the liver (Your doctor will discuss the importance of this finding, if any.)

Rare

  • severe diarrhea with dehydration
  • depression
  • bowel damage (necrotizing typhlitis)
  • heart damage with swelling of ankles, chest pain, abnormal heartbeat
  • peeling and blistering of palms and soles of feet
  • allergic reaction
  • death due to bleeding, heart failure, heart attack, infection, or other causes

There are other side effects not listed above that can also occur in some patients. Tell your doctor or nurse if you develop these or any other problems.

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